Skin allergies can thrive in minutes or gradually after a few hours of passing. While most allergic reactions are mild, serious allergic reactions can also occur suddenly. The cause can also vary, therefore, to prevent skin allergies, it is important to recognize allergic triggers and avoid them.
In medical terms, skin allergies are called allergic contact dermatitis. Allergies can be triggered by several causes. The emergence of allergies is caused by exposure to allergens, i.e. foreign elements that are mistakenly considered harmful by the immune system, so that if exposed can lead to allergic reactions.
A person with sensitive skin is very easy to experience allergies. Some recognizable signs are flushed skin, rash, itching and swelling.
Causes of skin Allergies
There are some things that can generally cause and trigger skin allergic reactions, among others:
- Cosmetic products, such as facial makeup, lotion, deodorant, soap, shampoo, and hair dye.
- Cleaning products, such as floor cleaners, laundry soap, disinfectants and detergents.
- Drugs are applied to the skin, such as anti-itch or antibiotic creams.
- Accessories made of metal, such as nickel or gold.
- Plants, which can include leaves, stems, or pollen.
- Latex, which are materials used for rubber gloves, condoms and balloons.
- Insect spray.
You also have a greater risk of skin allergies if you have a skin condition called eczema (eczema), there is inflammation in the lower limbs due to impaired blood circulation, or itching in the intimate area.
An allergic reaction does not immediately arise when the first time the body is exposed to allergens. In the first exposure, the immune system will only remember it and then make the antibodies as a reaction. If the body is exposed to the next allergic trigger substance, a new allergic reaction will occur. The process of forming an immune reaction against allergens takes at least 10 days.
If it already has allergies, in a matter of minutes, patients can directly experience the symptoms of skin allergies when it comes to contact with allergens. However, a new symptom can also arise 1-2 days after exposure to an allergen. In some cases, allergies can cause fatal or anaphylactic reactions
Although rare, we still need to be wary of an allergic reaction in the form of anaphylaxis. In addition to flushed skin, anaphylaxis can cause shortness of breath, abdominal cramps, sudden weakness, swelling of the throat and mouth, and loss of consciousness. If not immediately handled, anaphylaxis can lead to death.
How to treat skin allergies
If you have skin allergies, find out why and avoid having to come into contact with allergens. In addition, there are some tips that can relieve the risk of skin allergies.
- Use calamine lotions or hydrocortisone creams
Both types of creams serve to reduce itching. But the use of drugs such as hydrocortisone cream should follow Doctor’s recommendation.
- Wear loose and soft clothing
Tight clothing can exacerbate the rash on the skin. Therefore, when the body is experiencing itching in skin allergies, wear comfortable and loose clothing.
- Be mandated with cold water
This is useful to reduce skin rashes or can also use cold water compresses. After that, dry the skin with a clean towel and then use a moisturiser. Avoid bathing or soaking with hot water, because it can cause skin allergies symptoms.
- Allergy Test
To know that someone has an allergy to certain objects or foods, an allergy test is necessary. This test is done by giving exposure to a certain amount of substance to see the body’s reaction.
A skin allergy test is usually done if the sufferer has a special medical condition, such as if there is eczema. Another condition is that if you feel itchy or swollen and have a good treatment or dermatitis that does not improve even if it has received medication. In addition, an allergy test can also be done if we have a history of food, pollen, and medicine.
If you have a skin problem, it is advisable to have a dermatologist checked in. Avoid scratching the itch rash because it can cause infections of the skin and inhibit the healing process.